Monday, March 24, 2014

March 24,2014

UA - 47062478 - 1

"There are six components of wellness: proper weight and diet, proper exercise, breaking the smoking habit, control of alcohol, stress management and periodic exams."
-Kenneth H. Copper, M.D.

Hormones and Weight Control

Hormones are biochemical  products produced by glands and there are approximately 50 of them in the human body.  There will be more found as research progresses.  They are transported by the circulatory system to distant target organs where they regulate many physiological and chemical activities. They help regulate metabolism, digestion, sleep, respiration, excretion, stress, growth and are involved in all functions of living.  

With regard to weight control, Leptin, a hormone,  is involved in body fat in that it is a strong suppressor of one's appetite.  It is produced in fat cells.  Leptin works with other hormones such as thyroid, cortisol, and insulin in determining how hungry you get, how fast it will burn off the food you eat, and if it will hang on to, or let go of weight.  Leptin also helps to tap into fat stores and thereby reduce them.  On the other hand, when leptin doesn't do it's function properly, you keep eating because you never feel like you've had enough food.  Leptin and insulin resistance go hand in hand.  If you lose weight, your body will become more sensitive to leptin and it will start acting the way it was intended. Insulin is also more sensitive in normal weighted  individuals.  Obesity reduces sensitivity and is one of the causes of type 2 diabetes. In other words, leptin will help you to push away from the table and say, "I've had enough!" So control what you eat and the amount consumed to ward off obesity and diabetes.

Ghrelin, another hormone, tells your brain, "I'm hungry, let's eat!"  This hormone is produced in the stomach and upper intestine.  When you think about food, your gut releases ghrelin.  The positive side of ghrelin is the help it gives to the pituitary gland to release growth hormone.

The body chemistry is very complex but to keep it healthy you have choices in the food you eat, and the amount you gobble down once it gets past your teeth.  To keep your body healthy and trim, you have to have a basic sense of your diet, exercise, sleep, water and calorie consumption, stress control, and enough balance between all these considerations to live a healthy and happy life.

For references on hormones and diet control, here is a list that should help you with hormones, the why, how, and what they do:
Copy any one of the listed references and paste them on your URL (address bar on the top of your page).